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David Auerbach on literature, tech, film, etc.

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Alasdair Gray’s Lanark: The Four Frontispieces

I read Lanark as a very young adult and, like many others, was marked by its naked emotion, honesty, and despair. Gray’s death at the end of last year, after a long and successful career as an artist and writer, struck me hard. As a celebration of his life and work, I am posting an essay written for an anthology on Gray’s artwork which never materialized, on the sources of the frontispieces for Lanark’s four books and the uses to which Gray put them.

Revisiting Lanark at twice the age I was when I originally read it, I can step back from my heart and better see how intricately Alasdair Gray had crafted the inhuman machinery into which Duncan Thaw and Lanark fall. Coded with symbolic meaning, the four prints constitute Lanark’s most forceful allusions to modern history—and deliver Gray’s rejoinders to that history.

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David Auerbach’s Books of the Year 2018

To be a true reader or writer today is to exist primarily in a state of longing and loneliness (sehnsucht, in the German term), because the vast majority of one’s closest associates are dead. Over the course of the 20th century the world of letters separated rather violently from the world of consequence, and so loving writing as writing requires either myopic self-delusion or an absurd appreciation for the spiritual residue of artistic impact. I don’t have the former in me, so it is the latter that drives me.

A remarkable amount of excellent archival issues came out this year, particularly in fiction and literature. The two placed in the pole position are not necessarily more deserving than many others. Rather, I chose them because they seemed to be most resonant with this year, despite being written decades ago. Both are very unorthodox Cold War retrospectives, both vaguely “documentary”-like, and yet animated by almost opposite sensibilities.

Ironically, I found Anniversaries to be a gloomier tale than Kolyma Stories, in the same way that gray is a gloomier color than black, or Faith is more enervating than Closer. Likewise, Johnson’s self-appearance in Anniversaries is more despairing than Shalamov’s varied appearances in Kolyma, because there is a certain abdication of moral authority Johnson took on in writing Anniversaries that is either disingenuous or terrifying. I think it’s the latter.

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BITWISE Q&A with David Auerbach

I’m proud to announce that today, Pantheon Books is publishing BITWISE: A LIFE IN CODE. The New York Times Book Review kindly says, ““[Auerbach] writes well about databases and servers, but what’s really distinctive about this book is his ability to dissect Joyce and Wittgenstein as easily as C++ code.” I’m grateful that the book has been so well-received.

I did a Knopf Q&A around what inspired me to write it, as well as my thoughts on technology more generally.

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David Auerbach’s Books of the Year 2017

While the world went mad this year, I retreated a bit and did more reading than I had in some time. I have seen the pendulum of public sentiment cycle from complacency to hysteria and back twice now, and I am more fatalistic than ever about such cycles having to take their course. (My description of Thomas Pynchon’s “decoherence events” applies just as well to the Trump presidency as it does to September 11, 2001.) Being part of the collective public discourse this year was unhealthier than in any time I have ever seen.

I believe all the titles below deserve attention. The top books have been chosen based on personal significance and relevance. Appiah’s As If is a plea for a cosmopolitan pluralism (of provisional viewpoints, not of truths) based on a reading of the great Hans Vaihinger. It is a theoretical work that has far more relevance to technology than it first appears, as I try to explain in my forthcoming Bitwise: A Life in Code. Földényi’s Melancholy is a Burton-inspired chronicle that bests a thousand other intellectual histories of its kind. It spoke to me of what it is to be the sort of person who feels the need and drive to read all these books in the first place, and of the intangible benefits I gain from them. And the purportedly final version of Tom Phillips’ A Humument is a thing of beauty, drastically different from its previous editions in many regards, and one of the deepest texts of our time, fifty years after its first publication.

The greatest novel I read this year was Thomas Pynchon’s Mason & Dixon, the right novel for the right moment, but not one published in 2017.

In an attempt to provide a bit more apparent order, I have created a few subcategories for nonfiction. These are quite approximate; some books could have easily gone under a different heading. They are there to break the lists down into more manageable chunks.

When it comes to books, my eyes are bigger than my…eyes. Books under “Of Interest” are there either because (1) they are too out of my areas of knowledge for me to feel comfortable recommending them, (2) I have sufficient reservations about their content but feel they are too significant to ignore, or (3) I just haven’t read enough of them. I would feel terrible not noting Slezkine’s The House of Government, but I did not have time to read most of its 1100 pages.

Be well, read much, take care.

BOOKS OF MY YEAR

As If: Idealization and Ideals
Appiah, Kwame Anthony
(Harvard University Press)

Melancholy (The Margellos World Republic of Letters)
Foldenyi, Laszlo F.; Wilkinson, Tim (Translator); Manguel, Alberto (Foreword)
(Yale University Press)


A Humument: A Treated Victorian Novel (Sixth)
Phillips, Tom
(Thames & Hudson)

 

LITERATURE

Into the Cyclorama
Kim, Annie
(Southern Indiana Review Press)


Symphony for Human Transport
Samuels, Lisa
(Shearsman Books)


The Golden Cockerel & Other Writings
Rulfo, Juan; Weatherford, Douglas J. (Translator)
(Deep Vellum Publishing)


Homesick for Another World: Stories
Moshfegh, Ottessa
(Penguin Press)


The World Goes On
Krasznahorkai, László; Szirtes, George (Translator); Mulzet, Ottilie (Translator); Batki, John (Translator)
(New Directions)


The Manhattan Project
Krasznahorkai, László; Rotem, Ornan (Photographer); Batki, John (Translator)
(Sylph Editions)


So Much Blue: A Novel
Everett, Percival
(Graywolf Press)


Katalin Street (New York Review Books Classics)
Szabo, Magda; Rix, Len (Translator)
(NYRB Classics)


Beasts Head for Home: A Novel (Weatherhead Books on Asia)
Abe, Kōbō; Calichman, Richard (Translator)
(Columbia University Press)


Blackass: A Novel
Barrett, A. Igoni
(Graywolf Press)


The Essential Fictions
Babel, Isaac; Vinokur, Val (Translator)
(Northwestern University Press)

Ka: Dar Oakley in the Ruin of Ymr
Crowley, John; Newcomb, Melody (Illustrator)
(Gallery / Saga Press)

Gap Gardening: Selected Poems
Waldrop, Rosmarie
(New Directions)


Judgment: A Novel (Northwestern World Classics)
Bergelson, David; Senderovich, Sasha; Murav, Harriet
(Northwestern University Press)


Found Life: Poems, Stories, Comics, a Play, and an Interview (Russian Library)
Goralik, Linor; Morse, Ainsley (Editor); Vassileva, Maria (Editor); Vinokour, Maya (Editor)
(Columbia University Press)


Remains of Life: A Novel (Modern Chinese Literature from Taiwan)
Wu He, Wu; Berry, Michael (Translator)
(Columbia University Press)


Nest in the Bones: Stories by Antonio Benedetto
Di Benedetto, Antonio; Broner, Martina (Translator)
(Archipelago)


Newcomers: Book One
Kovacic, Lojze; Biggins, Michael (Translator)
(Archipelago)




Sisters of the Cross (Russian Library)
Remizov, Alexei; Keys, Roger (Translator); Murphy, Brian (Translator)
(Columbia University Press)


Frontier
Xue, Can; Gernant, Karen (Translator); Zeping, Chen (Translator); Khakpour, Porochista (Introduction)
(Open Letter)


The Construction of the Tower of Babel
Benet, Juan; West, Adrian (Translator); West, Adrian (Introduction)
(Wakefield Press)


The War Nerd Iliad
Dolan, John (Adapter)
(Feral House)


Drilling through Hard Boards: 133 Political Stories (The German List)
Kluge, Alexander; Hoban, Wieland (Translator)
(Seagull Books)


Earthly Signs: Moscow Diaries, 1917-1922 (New York Review Books Classics)
Tsvetaeva, Marina; Gambrell, Jamey (Translator)
(NYRB Classics)


Balcony in the Forest (New York Review Book)
Gracq, Julien; Howard, Richard (Translator); Howard, Richard (Foreword)
(NYRB Classics)


Go, Went, Gone
Erpenbeck, Jenny; Bernofsky, Susan (Translator)
(New Directions)



The Collected Poems of Li He (Calligrams)
He, Li; Frodsham, J.D. (Translator); Rouzer, Paul (Preface)
(New York Review Books)


Chinese Poetic Writing (Calligrams)
Cheng, Francois; Riggs, Donald (Translator); Seaton, Jerome (Translator)
(New York Review Books)


The Complete Old English Poems (The Middle Ages Series)
Williamson, Craig (Translator); Shippey, Tom (Introduction)
(University of Pennsylvania Press)


The Book of Disquiet: The Complete Edition
Pessoa, Fernando; Pizarro, Jerónimo (Editor); Costa, Margaret Jull (Translator)
(New Directions)

 

HUMANITIES

Melancholic Habits: Burton's Anatomy & the Mind Sciences
Radden, Jennifer
(Oxford University Press)


The Warburg Years (1919-1933): Essays on Language, Art, Myth, and Technology
Cassirer, Ernst; Lofts, S. G. (Translator)
(Yale University Press)


Dystopia: A Natural History
Claeys, Gregory
(Oxford University Press)


The Rift in The Lute: Attuning Poetry and Philosophy
de Gaynesford, Maximilian
(Oxford University Press)


David Jones
Dilworth, T
(Jonathan Cape)

The Messages We Send: Social Signals and Storytelling
Ferrari, G. R. F.
(Oxford University Press)

The Mind of the Book: Pictorial Title-Pages
Fowler, Alastair
(Oxford University Press)


Changing the Subject: Philosophy from Socrates to Adorno
Geuss, Raymond
(Harvard University Press)



Res Publica and the Roman Republic: 'Without Body or Form'
Hodgson, Louise
(Oxford University Press)


The Epic Distilled: Studies in the Composition of the Aeneid
Horsfall, Nicholas
(Oxford University Press)

I, Me, Mine: Back to Kant, and Back Again
Longuenesse, Béatrice
(Oxford University Press)


Art and Myth of the Ancient Maya
Chinchilla Mazariegos, Oswaldo
(Yale University Press)

The Subject of Experience
Strawson, Galen
(OUP Oxford)


Hercules Segers: Painter, Etcher, A Catalogue Raisonn
Segers, Hercules (Artist)
(nai010 publishers/Rijksmuseum)

 

SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

Behave: The Biology of Humans at Our Best and Worst
Sapolsky, Robert M.
(Penguin Books)



After Digital: Computation as Done by Brains and Machines
Anderson, James A.
(Oxford University Press)


The Lazy Universe: An Introduction to the Principle of Least Action
Coopersmith, Jennifer
(Oxford University Press)



 

THE SOCIAL SCIENCES





The Sum of Small Things: A Theory of the Aspirational Class
Currid-Halkett, Elizabeth
(Princeton University Press)


Marx's Inferno: The Political Theory of Capital
Roberts, William Clare
(Princeton University Press)


A Brief History of Economic Thought
Roncaglia, Alessandro
(Cambridge University Press)


Paths to Fulfillment: Women's Search for Meaning and Identity
Josselson, Ruthellen
(Oxford University Press)


The Timeliness of George Herbert Mead
Joas, Hans (Editor); Huebner, Daniel R. (Editor)
(University of Chicago Press)


The Enigma of Reason
Mercier, Hugo; Sperber, Dan
(Harvard University Press)


Shame: A Brief History (History of Emotions)
Stearns, Peter N.
(University of Illinois Press)


The Truth about Language: What It Is and Where It Came From
Corballis, Michael C.
(University of Chicago Press)


 

HISTORY AND POLITICS


Cuz: The Life and Times of Michael A.
Danielle S. Allen
(Liveright)


The Water Kingdom
Ball, Philip
(Vintage)




The Evangelicals: The Struggle to Shape America
Fitzgerald, Frances
(Simon & Schuster)



A History of Judaism
Goodman, Martin
(Penguin Press)


The Killing Wind: A Chinese County's Descent into Madness during the Cultural Revolution
Hecheng, Tan; Mosher, Stacy (Translator); Jian, Guo (Translator)
(Oxford University Press)


One Long Night: A Global History of Concentration Camps
Pitzer, Andrea
(Little, Brown and Company)


The Habsburg Empire: A New History
Judson, Pieter M.
(Harvard University Press)


The Transformation of American Liberalism
Klosko, George
(Oxford University Press)


Politics in the Roman Republic (Key Themes in Ancient History)
Mouritsen, Henrik
(Cambridge University Press)



Sold People: Traffickers and Family Life in North China
Ransmeier, Johanna S.
(Harvard University Press)




Classical Greek Oligarchy: A Political History
Simonton, Matthew
(Princeton University Press)



The Cold War: A World History
Westad, Odd Arne
(Basic Books)

 

COMICS

Poppies of Iraq
Findakly, Brigitte; Trondheim, Lewis; Dascher, Helge (Translator)
(Drawn and Quarterly)


Satania
Vehlmann, Fabien; Kerascoet (Illustrator)
(NBM Publishing)


It Don't Come Easy
Dupuy, Philippe; Berberian, Charles; Dascher, Helge (Translator)
(Drawn and Quarterly)


The Green Hand and Other Stories
Claveloux, Nicole; Smith, Donald Nicholson (Translator); Clowes, Daniel (Introduction)
(New York Review Comics)


Voices in the Dark
Lust, Ulli; Brownjohn, John (Translator); Knight, Nika (Translator); Beyer, Marcel (Draft Writer)
(New York Review Comics)


My Favorite Thing Is Monsters
Ferris, Emil; Ferris, Emil (Artist)
(Fantagraphics Books)

Pascin
Sfar, Joann; Gauvin, Edward (Translator)
(Uncivilized Books)


Beanworld Volume 4: Hoka Hoka Burb'l Burb'l
Marder, Larry; Marder, Larry (Illustrator)
(Dark Horse Books)


The Interview
Richards, Jaime (Translator); Manuele Fior
(Fantagraphics Books)


Yvain: The Knight of the Lion
Anderson, M.T.; Offermann, Andrea (Illustrator)
(Candlewick)


Demon (4 Book Series)
Shiga, Jason; Shiga, Jason (Illustrator)
()


Olympians: Artemis: Wild Goddess of the Hunt
O'Connor, George
(First Second)


The Customer is Always Wrong
Pond, Mimi
(Drawn and Quarterly)


 

OF INTEREST





How the Mind Comes into Being
Butz, Martin V.; Kutter, Esther F. (Contributor)
(Oxford University Press)




Herder's Hermeneutics: History, Poetry, Enlightenment
Gjesdal, Kristin
(Cambridge University Press)





Capitalism without Capital: The Rise of the Intangible Economy
Haskel, Jonathan; Westlake, Stian
(Princeton University Press)


The Quantum Revolution in Philosophy
Healey, Richard
(Oxford University Press)


Stalin: Waiting for Hitler, 1929-1941
Kotkin, Stephen
(Penguin Press)


Pompey, Cato, and the Governance of the Roman Empire
Morrell, Kit
(Oxford University Press)



A History of Law in Europe: From the Early Middle Ages to the Twentieth Century
Padoa-Schioppa, Antonio; Fitzgerald, Caterina (Translator)
(Cambridge University Press)


The Cambridge History of Communism: Volume 1, World Revolution and Socialism in One Country 1917–1941
Pons, Silvio (Editor); Smith, Stephen A. (Editor)
(Cambridge University Press)



The House of Government: A Saga of the Russian Revolution
Slezkine, Yuri
(Princeton University Press)




No Future: Punk, Politics and British Youth Culture, 1976-1984
Worley, Matthew
(Cambridge University Press)



The Sorcerer's Apprentice: An Anthology of Magical Tales
Zipes, Jack (Editor); Frank, Natalie (Illustrator)
(Princeton University Press)

David Auerbach’s Books of the Year 2016

2016 was a year of chaos for me as it was for many others. This list is provisional rather than a source of eternal endorsements. No, I did not read all of Anwar Sheikh’s Capitalism, but what I did read seemed serious and substantive enough to make it worthy of mention. Despite the inconsistencies of John Hands’ Cosmosapiens, I find it makes enough points about the traps of scientific orthodoxy to make it a provocative and worthy read. And there are books like Alec Ash’s Wish Lanterns that I simply didn’t get to.

I chose three books above all others as those that helped me get the most distance and perspective from the immediate tumult. Each of them did so in a very different way. Goodstein’s Simmel study is one of the few serious philosophical studies of Simmel and a major work, dedicated to showing his obscured influence through the 20th century and placing him alongside Musil as an eerily prescient prophet. It made a suitable epilogue to my commentary on Simmel’s Philosophy of Money.

Trentmann’s Empire of Things is an absorbing attempt to apply Annales-style ecological analysis to modern history and particularly the process of consumer consumption. It crosses Braudel with Veblen, yet the result sometimes approaches Simmel in its portrait of the self-reinforcing drives of consumption. As a portrait of larger ecological processes guiding our world, it pulled me away from the enveloping yet wholly reactive world of news and politics.

And Krasznahorkai’s chronicle of his travels in China is also a provider of needed distance, walking the path he has charted out that weaves between order and chaos, familiar and foreign, human and inhuman, beauty and suffering, profound knowledge and profound ignorance. He mentions Hungarian revolutionary Sándor Petőfi’s poem “Freedom, Love,” written with Hungarian which in Fu Yin’s translation (the book claims Lu Xun, but I believe this is inaccurate) became one of the most well-known poems in Communist China. With that irony in mind, it seems fitting to quote it here.

Szabadság, szerelem!
E kettő kell nekem.
Szerelmemért föláldozom
Az életet, Szabadságért föláldozom Szerelmemet.

Liberty and love
These two I must have.
For my love I’ll sacrifice
My life.
For liberty I’ll sacrifice
My love.

生命诚可贵,
爱情价更高。
若为自由故,
两者皆可抛。

 

Books of the Year

Destruction and Sorrow beneath the Heavens: Reportage (The Hungarian List)
Krasznahorkai, László; Mulzet, Ottilie (Translator)

Georg Simmel and the Disciplinary Imaginary
Goodstein, Elizabeth; Goodstein, Elizabeth (Contributor)

Fiction

Between Dog and Wolf (Russian Library)
Sokolov, Sasha; Boguslawski, Alexander (Translator)

Fragments of Lichtenberg (French Literature)
Senges, Pierre; Flanders, Gregory (Translator)

Bottom's Dream (German Literature)
Schmidt, Arno; Woods, John E. (Translator)

The Last Wolf & Herman
Krasznahorkai, László; Batki, John (Translator); Szirtes, George (Translator)

Zama (New York Review Books Classics)
Di Benedetto, Antonio; Allen, Esther (Translator); Allen, Esther (Preface)

Bright Magic: Stories (New York Review Books Classics)
Doblin, Alfred; Searls, Damion (Translator); Grass, Gunter (Introduction)

Iza's Ballad (New York Review Books Classics)
Szabo, Magda; Szirtes, George (Translator); Szirtes, George (Introduction)

The Dispossessed: A Novel
Borbely, Szilard

Berlin-Hamlet (NYRB Poets)
Borbély, Szilárd; Mulzet, Ottilie (Translator)

Loving (New York Review Books Classics)
Green, Henry; Robinson, Roxana (Introduction)

Caught (New York Review Books Classics)
Green, Henry; Wood, James (Introduction)

Back (New York Review Books Classics)
Green, Henry; Eisenberg, Deborah (Introduction)

The Invisibility Cloak (New York Review Books Classics)
Fei, Ge; Morse, Canaan (Translator)

The Gradual
Priest, Christopher

The Doomed City (Rediscovered Classics)
Strugatsky, Arkady; Strugatsky, Boris; Andrew, Bromfield; Glukhovsky, Dmitry; Glukhovsky, Dmitry (Foreword); Andrew, Bromfield (Translator)

A Book to Burn and a Book to Keep (Hidden): Selected Writings (Translations from the Asian Classics)
Li, Zhi; Handler-Spitz, Rivi (Editor); Lee, Pauline (Editor); Saussy, Haun (Editor)

The Lights of Pointe-Noire: A Memoir
Mabanckou, Alain; Stevenson, Helen (Translator)

We Need Silence to Find Out What We Think: Selected Essays
Hazzard, Shirley; Olubas, Brigitta (Editor)

The Letters of Samuel Beckett: Volume 4, 1966-1989
Beckett, Samuel; Craig, George (Editor); Fehsenfeld, Martha Dow (Editor); Gunn, Dan (Editor); Overbeck, Lois More (Editor)

Soft City: The Lost Graphic Novel
Pushwagner, Hariton; Ware, Chris (Introduction); Herbert, Martin (Afterword)

Pascin
Sfar, Joann; Gauvin, Edward (Translator)

Mickey's Craziest Adventures (Mickey Mouse)
Trondheim, Lewis; Keramidas, Nicolas (Artist)

Dungeon: Monstres – Vol. 6: The Great Animator
Sfar, Joann; Trondheim, Lewis; Stanislas; Keramidas, Nicolas

 

Nonfiction

The Face of the Buddha
Empson, William; Arrowsmith, Rupert (Editor)

Deep Learning (Adaptive Computation and Machine Learning series)
Goodfellow, Ian; Bengio, Yoshua; Courville, Aaron

Recollections: The French Revolution of 1848 and Its Aftermath
Tocqueville, Alexis de; Zunz, Olivier (Editor); Goldhammer, Arthur (Translator)

The Voynich Manuscript
Clemens, Raymond (Editor); Harkness, Deborah E. (Introduction)

Europe since 1989: A History
Ther, Philipp; Hughes-Kreutzmüller, Charlotte (Translator)

In the Darkroom
Faludi, Susan

The Path: A New Way to Think About Everything
Puett, Michael,Gross-Loh, Christine

Reality and Its Dreams
Geuss, Raymond

The Ways of the World
Harvey, David

Democracy: A Life
Cartledge, Paul

The Cambridge History of Japanese Literature
Shirane, Haruo (Editor); Suzuki, Tomi (Editor)

Medieval Europe
Wickham, Chris

The Great Convergence
Baldwin, Richard

Experimental Music Since 1970
Gottschalk, Jennie

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